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Titanium application description

Medical Application 

Biocompatibility - Titanium is non-toxic and biocompatible, and not rejected by the body, therefore it has many medical uses, including surgical implements and implants, such as hip balls and joint, that can stay in place for up to 20 years. Lower Modulus of Elasticity - Titanium has the inherent ability to osseointegrate, enabling use in dental implants that can last for over 30 years. This property is also useful for orthopedic implant applications. These advantage from titanium's lower modulus of elasticity to more closely match the bone that such devices are intended to repair. Non-ferromagnetic-Patients with titanium implants can be safely examined with magnetic resonance imaging, because of the non-ferromagnetic of Titanium. Others - Titanium is also used for the surgical instruments used in image-guided surgery, as well as wheelchairs, crutches, and any other products where high strength and low weight are desirable.

 

Aerospace and Marine Application

Due to its high tensile strength to density ratio, high corrosion resistance, fatigue resistance, high crack resistance, and ability to withstand moderately high temperatures without creeping, titanium alloys are used in aircraft, armor plating, naval ships, spacecraft, and missiles. For these applications titanium alloyed with Al, Zr, Ni, V, and others is used for a variety of components including critical structural parts, fire walls, landing gear, exhaust ducts, and hydraulic systems. In engine applications, titanium is used for rotors, compressor blades, hydraulic system components, and nacelles. The titanium 6AL-4V alloy accounts for almost 50% of all alloys used in aircraft applications. Titanium is used to make propeller shafts and rigging and in the heat exchanger of desalination plants, because of its high corrosion resistance to sea water. In heater-chillers for salt water aquariums, fishing line and leader, and for divers' knives.

 

Automotive Application

Titanium metal is used in automotive applications, particularly in automobile or motorcycle racing, where weight reduction is critical while maintaining high strength and rigidity. The metal is generally too expensive to make it marketable to the general consumer market, other than high-end products, particularly for the racing & performance market. Some late model Corvettes have been available with titanium exhausts, solid titanium intake valves for greater strength and resistance to heat.

 

Industrial Application

Welded titanium pipe and process equipment, including heat exchangers, tanks, process vessels, valves, are used in the chemical and petrochemical industries primarily for corrosion resistance. Specific alloys are used in downhole and nickel hydrometallurgy applications due to their high strength and corrosion resistance. The pulp and paper industry uses titanium in process equipment exposed to corrosive media such as sodium hypochlorite or wet chlorine gas. Other applications include: ultrasonic welding, wave soldering, and sputtering targets. Titanium is often alloyed with Al (to refine grain size), V, Cu (to harden), Fe, Mn, Mo, and with other metals. Applications for titanium mill products, including sheet, plate, bar, wire, forgings and castings with Grade 2 in Standards, can be usually used in industrial. 


Sporting & Outdoor Application

Titanium is used in many sporting goods: tennis rackets, golf clubs, lacrosse stick shafts; cricket, hockey, lacrosse, and football helmet grills; and bicycle frames and components. Although not a mainstream material for bicycle production, titanium bikes have been used by race teams and adventure cyclists.Titanium alloys are also used in spectacle frames. This results in a rather expensive, but highly durable and long lasting frame which is light in weight and causes no skin allergies. Many backpackers use titanium equipment, including cookware, eating utensils, lanterns, and tent stakes. Though slightly more expensive than traditional steel or aluminium alternatives, these titanium products can be significantly lighter without compromising strength. Titanium is also favored for use by farriers, because it is lighter and more durable than steel when formed into horseshoes.

 

Others Application

Superior strength and light weight of Titanium when compared to other metals traditionally used in firearms (steel, stainless steel, and aluminium), and advances in metalworking techniques, the use of titanium has become more widespread in the manufacture of firearms. Primary uses include pistol frames and pistol cylinders. For these same reasons, it is also used in the body of laptop computers. Some upmarket categories of tools made to be lightweight and corrosion-resistant, such as IPhone screw, shovels and flashlights, are made of titanium or titanium alloys as well.

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